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Worklessness and psychosocial illness

Curving back within myself I create again and again.

The Bhagavad Gita


A UK review of the British working-age found that long-term worklessness is one of the greatest known risks to public health. 


The significant links between mental illness and workless include

- Workless people having up to ten times more episodes of anxiety and depression than their working peers (Waddell & Burton, 2006)

- Prolonged unemployment reduces life expectancy more than many 'killer diseases' (Waddell and Alylward, 2005)

- Suicide rates in young men who have been workless for more than six months is increased 40 x (Wessely, 2004) and are increased 6x in the general population (Bartley et al, 2005).


Whilst working in immigration detention, Earnshaw drew heavily on the Entrepreneurial psychology methodology whilst working with Persian, Iraqi, Tamil, Kurdish, Afghani, Palestinian and Burmese refugees and asylum seekers. 


Whilst 'work' was not possible for the detainees on Christmas Island, Earnshaw utilised components of the Entrepreneurial psychology methodology and instigated group work and meditation practice. She created new self-help groups whilst at the Christmas Island and Curtin detention centres, which assisted to form community and mitigate the effects of powerlessness caused by indefinite detention.